Factors affecting Occupational Stress amongst the Academicians of Management Programs in Indore Region

Irfan Ahmed, Anukool Manish Hyde, Sukhjeet Kaur Matharu

Abstract


Occupational Stress is an unavoidable upshot of modern living. During the past decennary, the Education sector has undergone rapid and striking changes due to increased competition posed by globalization and entry of new players in this sector. As a result of these changes, the Academic professionals in this sector are experiencing a high level of stress. In light of the above, the present study is an attempt to highlight the various problems and factors related to occupational stress amongst the professionals of Management Institution. The data pertaining to the study was collected from 300 faculty members teaching in various Management institutes of Indore, Madhya Pradesh. To attain the objectives of the study the Stress management scale developed by Pareek Udai and Purohit Surabhi, (1997, 2002, 2010) was applied to the sample population to obtain data relevant to the occupational stress. The data was analyzed using Principal Component Method of Factor Analysis. The results of the study investigated eight factors namely Role Ambiguity, Personal inadequacy, Proactive personality, Resource inadequacy, Work overload, Work family conflict, Self role distance, Reduced work load which affects the stress level of academicians in management programs in Indore

Keywords


Occupational Stress, Academic Professionals, Factors, Management Institutes

Full Text:

104-264-1-PB.PDF

References


Ahmad, S, Bharadwaj, A and Narula, S (1985), A study of stress among executives. Journal of Personality and Clinical studies. 1(2): pp. 47-50.

Barkat, S. A. and Parveen, A. (1999). Organizational role stress among bank managers and university teachers. Praachi journal of Psycho-Cultural Dimensions, Vol. 15(2), 169-172.

Barnett, R.C., and Hall,D.T.(2001).How to use reduced hours to win the war for talent. Organizational Dynamics, 29 (3), 192-210.

Bhattacharya, S. and Basu, J. (2007),¬ Distress, wellness and organizational role stress among IT professionals: Role of life events and coping resources. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology. 33(2): pp.169-178.

Graen, G.B. (1976). Role making processes within complex organizations. In: M.D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (pp. 1201-1245). Chicago: Rand-McNally.

Camp, M.D. (1985, 1986), Selected stress factors concerning the teacher faculty as they relate to students and parents, colleagues, administration, financial security, the job and profession in a selected school district. Dissertation Abstracts International.

Conley, S., and Woosley, S. A. (2000). Teacher role stress, higher order needs and work outcomes. Journal of Educational Administration, 38 :179-201.

Dworkin, A. G., Haney, C. A., Dworkin, R. J. and Telschow, R. L. (1990), Stress and illness behaviour among urban public school teachers. Educational Administration Quarterly. 26 (1): pp. 60-72.

Gupta, N.K. and Pratap, S. (1987), Cited in Gupta, N.K., (1988), Organisational role stress and coping strategies of public sector executives. Ph. D. Thesis. Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Roorkee, Roorkee.

Greenhaus, J. H. & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10: 76-88.

Jackson, S. E., Schwab, R. L., & Schuler, R. S. (1986). Toward an understanding of the burnout phenomenon. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71 (4): 630–640.

Kahn, R., Wolfe, D., Quinn, R., Snoek, J., and Rosentbal, R. (1964). Organizational stress: Studies in role conflict and ambiguity. New York: Wiley.

Kets de Vries, M.F.R. (1979). Organisational stress: A call for management action”. Sloan Management Review. 21(1): pp. 3-14.

Khetrapal A. and Kochar G. K. (2006), Role Stress and Preventive . The Internet Journal of World Health and Societal Politics. 3(1):pp.2-2.

Koteswari B. V. (2004), Influence of gender and length of service on stress and coping behavior in organisation. Ph. D. Thesis. Tirupati, Sri Venkateshwara University.

Koteswari Bala, V. and Allam, Z. (2005), Job stress among managers . Praachi Journal of Psycho- Cultural Dimensions. 21(1): pp. 13-18.

Kossek, E.E. (2006). Work-family balance. S.J. Clegg and J.R. Bailey (Eds.) International Encyclopedia of Organization Studies.

Kyriacou, C. (2001). Teacher stress: Directions for future research. Educational Research, 53(1): 27-35.

Mathew, V. J. (1985). Job stress of a creative manager. FPM written comprehensive examination paper, OB Area, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad.

Mishra, A. K. (1996). Organizational responses to crisis: The centrality of trust. In R. Kramer and T. Tyler (Eds.), Trust in organizations: Frontiers of theory and research Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. pp. 261- 287.

Kazmi, R. Amjad, S. Delawar Khan, D. (2008). Occupational stress and its effect on job performance a case study of medical house officers of district Abbottabad , 20(3).

Pareek Udai (1994), Making organizational roles effective, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.

Pareek, U, (1981), Role Stress Scales, Research Report, Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management.

Pareek, U, (1983), Role Analysis for Human Resource Development, Indian Management.

Pareek, Udai and Purohit, Surabhi, (1997, 2002, 2010), Training Instruments in HRD and OD, third edition, Tata McGraw Hill publishing company Limited, New Delhi, pp-544-551.

Pestonjee, D.M. (1987a), Executive stress: Should it always be avoided? Vikalpa. 12 (1). pp. 23-30.

Pestonjee, D.M. (1987b), A study of role stress in relation to Type-A and Anger . Working paper no. 670. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad.

Robbins and Sanghi (2006). Organizational Behavior. (11ed.)

Rizzo, J., House, R., and Lirtzman, S. (1970). Role conflict and ambiguity in complex organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 15: 150-163.

Smith, C.A and Lazarus, R. S. (1990). Emotion and Adaptation, Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research, New York: Guilford, L.A. Pervin (Ed.). 609-637.

Shahnawaz, M.G. and Ali, Nasir (2007), Work- family conflict and organisational commitment among dual career women. Journal of National Academy of Psychology, India. 52(3): 248-252.

Shrimali, V. and Sen, R. (2009), Relative factors of stress among IT professional and gender differences of wellness among them. Pacific Business Review- A Quarterly Journal. pp. 22-31.

Sultana, A. (1995). Gender Differences in Organisational Role Stress of Professional and Non- professional Teachers of Higher Educational Institutions. Unpublished M.A. Dissertation. Department of Psychology, Lucknow University, Lucknow.

Tang, Catherine, So-kum, Au, Wing-Tung, Schwarzner, Ralf and Schmitz, Gerdamarie (2001), Mental health outcomes of job stress among Chinese teachers. Journal of Organisational Behaviour. 22(8): 887-901.

Todd, C. R. (2008), The connections to long hours, stress and anger and irritability, Anger on my mind . pp. 1-2.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.