Climate Change induced Disasters and Gender Dimensions: Bangladesh Perspective
Until very recently, gender issues have not been properly addressed in climate change, migration and protection discussions. But this is well recognized that man and women have their different role, responsibilities and consequences in the face of upcoming climate change and its multifarious consequences. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the first attempt to raise the issue of gender dimension and climate change both in the North and South for the gender mainstreaming. In the meantime, many projects in developing countries are now addressing the different situations of men and women to their different vulnerabilities to climate-induced disasters. The case of Bangladesh is not exceptional one even many projects have already been initiated to address the issue of gender dimension of climate change and climatic vulnerabilities. This paper is, thus, an attempt to focus on the theoretical aspect of gender and climate change. In addition, the paper looks into how specific gender characteristics increase women’s vulnerability and how the effects of climate change affect women more severely than men. This paper will, finally, look into policies to face the challenges and mainstream gender perspectives in Bangladesh.